The TBM Avenger was a U.S. Navy torpedo bomber and the most widely-produced naval strike airceaft in history. Avengers had three to five crew and could carry 726kg (1,600lbs) of torpedoes or other munitions. They played a significant role in the Battle of Saipam and participated in a variety of offencive support roles, including pre-invasive bombing and strafing attacks, air support for ground troops, anti-submarine patrols, and reconnaissance missions. Avengers assigned to Vice-Admiral Marc Mitscher’s Task Force. 58 flew numerous ssorties in the Battle of the Philippines Sea, and engagement known by U.S. forces as the “Marianas Turkey Shoot.” The last TBMs retired from militay service in 1962.