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CMNH 4303 Pottery Jar
Parthian, 1st century CE
This jar was uncovered during a series of excavations by the University of Michigan in the early 1930’s. Under the direction of Dr. Leroy Watermann, the project explored the ancient metropolis of Seleucia in modern day Iraq. Seleucus I Nicator, successor to Alexander the Great and founder of the Seleucid Empire, constructed this capital city in 305 BCE upon the Tigris River. The city was conquered in 141 BCE by the Parthian Empire, which competed with Rome for control of the area over several centuries. This jar dates to the period of Parthian control.
To learn more about the Seleucid and Parthian Empires:
Fowlkes-Childs, Blair. “The Parthian Empire (247 B.C.–224 A.D.).” Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/part/hd_part.htm
Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art. “The Seleucid Empire (323–64 B.C.).” Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/sleu/hd_sleu.htm