Plaster phrenological bust, London, England, 1821
Divided according to the system of German phrenologist Johann Spurzheim (1776-1832), this plaster phrenological head has 35 different organs. Phrenologists believed that different parts, or organs of the brain had different qualities. They further believed that an individual personality could be read& from the lumps and bumps in the skull. The head was made by James DeVille (1777-1846), a phrenologist based in the Strand, London. DeVille had over five thousand phrenological heads at his premises.