Pompeii was an ancient Roman town-city near Naples, in Italy. Pompeii, along with Herculaneum and many villas in the surrounding area, was mostly destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of volcanic ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. Researchers believe that the town was founded in the seventh or sixth century BC by the Osci or Oscans. It came under the domination of Rome in the 4th century BC, and was conquered and became a Roman colony in 80 BC after it joined an unsuccessful rebellion against the Roman Republic. By the time of its destruction, 160 years later, its population was estimated at 11,000 people, and the city had a complex water system, an amphitheatre, gymnasium, and a port.
For further information, check out: http://www.unife.it/centri/diaprem/archivio-progetti/pompei_il_foro/pagina_standard Credits: http://www.unife.it/centri/diaprem/archivio-progetti/pompei_il_foro/credits