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Korinthiakos Kolpos(Gulf of Corinth)
The Gulf of Corinth is an elongate marine basin oriented in a WNW-ESE direction, which intersects mainland Greece, separating it from the Peloponnese Peninsula (pic. 1). The Gulf of Corinth stretches from the canal of Rio-Antirrio to the west, to the Gulf of Alkyonides to the east. The total length of the Gulf exceeds 115km, whereas its width varies approximately from 5 to 30 km. It is a marine basin that is almost isolated from the open sea. In the west, the Gulf of Corinth is connected to the Ionian Sea, through the canal of Rio-Antirrio and the Gulf of Patras. In the east, the man-made canal of Corinth allows its connection to the Saronic Gulf.