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Forteviot Ring Cross 3D Model
Forteviot Ring Cross
This fragment of sculpture was once part of a ringheaded, free-standing cross, a form of cross particularly associated with the West Coast of Scotland (notably Iona) and with Ireland. The fragment derives from one of the arms of the cross head, with a stub of the ring projecting from one face. The form suggests a 10th century date. The depth and precision of the carving of this fragment show a high level of artistic ability. The short tenon shows that the cross was constructed of several pieces of stone, a challenging method developed in Iona. These stylistic and technical links reinforce the connection with the centre of the cult of St Columba.
The decorative motif known as ‘key-pattern’, originated in the Mediterranean world where it is linked to mazes. The Insular Celtic artists enlivened it by placing it on a diagonal grid. The Picts were particularly attached to the motif and produced the most complex designs.