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Stanwick Late Iron Age oppidum: QGIS-LIDAR 3D Model
2M DTM LIDAR model: Stanwick Late Iron Age oppidum, Iron Age and medieval settlement, early Christian church and sculpture and post-medieval emparkment. It was the trading and power-centre of the Brigantes. An enclosed oppidum is a nucleated settlement of the Late Iron Age, covering an area in excess of 10ha, whose boundaries are marked by large earthworks comprising a bank and outer ditch, which are generally taken to be of a defensive nature. They contain evidence for a variety of activities, suggesting that they were centres within which a range of economic, political, and religious services were concentrated. Many examples contain evidence for the development of zones within which particular activities (productive or ritual) appear to have been concentrated. Enclosed oppida have generally been dated from the late second/early first century BC and continued in use to the first century AD. Only around ten oppida have been identified in England and of those the majority lie in the south.
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