Ralph Adams Cram submitted drawings to the ABMC for this chapel in 1926, it was completed in 1932. The French Romanesque chapel and memorial exists on the front line that was occupied by the American 2nd Division during the Aisne-Marne Offensive. The woodland uphill from the memorial is where the battle of Belleau Wood was fought. It saw hand-to-hand combat, poison gas attacks, and onslaughts against machine gun nests for 20 consecutive days. It is one of the few World War I battlegrounds that have not fallen victim to development. Note the small hole to the right of the door; it is damage from a mortar shell the chapel suffered during the Second World War.