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This building at Skara Brae, Sandwick, Orkney dates from the late Neolithic (c.2900-2400 cal BC) and was the home to stone age farmers . This structure, known as House 1, was discovered after a storm in 1850. The local laird William Watt excavated this building in the 1850s and1860s discovering a wealth of stone and bone tools.
Following erosion in the 1920s a defensive sea wall was constructed and Prof. Vere Gordon Childe undertook further excavations.
The walls of this building survive over two metres high and the stone furniture remains in place. A hearh lies at the centre of the building and a large ‘dresser’ faces the one metre high door. The boxes around the sides of the room are bed compartments, which would have been lined with animal skins. The small stone boxes were used for storage.